BSc(Ed) Biology Courses

AS 1 Biology Structure for BA/BSc (Ed) (Primary 2 CS Track)
AS 1 Biology Structure for BA/BSc (Ed) (Secondary)
Year Course Code Title Course Category No of AUs Pre-requisites
1 AAB10A Evolution, Diversity and Ecosystems Core 3 -
AAB10B Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Life Core 3 -
AAB10C Basic Molecular Genetics and Microbiology Core 3 -
AAB10D Cell Structure and Function Core 3 -
2 AAB20A Current Genetics Core 3 -
AAB20B Plant Evolution and Diversity Core 3 -
AAB20C Animal Evolution and Diversity Core 3 -
AAB20D Ecology Core 3 -
AAB20E Quantitative Biology Core 3 -
AAB20G Biochemistry Core 3 -
3 AAB30A Field Study of Ecosystem Diversity in a Changing World Core 3 -
AAB30C Animal Physiology Core 3 -
AAB30D Plant Physiology Core 3 -
4 AAB40A Molecular Biotechnology Core 3 -
AAB40B Behavioural Biology Core 3 -
AAB40C Developmental Biology Core 3 -
AAB40D Academic Exercise - Biology Core 3 -
Total AUs for Degree 51 -

Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.

AS 1 Biology Structure for BA/BSc (Ed) (Primary 3 CS Track)
Year Course Code Title Course Category No of AUs Pre-requisites
1 AAB10A Evolution, Diversity and Ecosystems Core 3 -
AAB10B Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Life Core 3 -
AAB10C Basic Molecular Genetics and Microbiology Core 3 -
AAB10D Cell Structure and Function Core 3 -
2 AAB20A Current Genetics Core 3 -
AAB20B Plant Evolution and Diversity Core 3 -
AAB20C Animal Evolution and Diversity Core 3 -
AAB20D Ecology Core 3 -
AAB20E Quantitative Biology Core 3 -
AAB20G Biochemistry Core 3 -
3 AAB30C Animal Physiology Core 3 -
AAB30D Plant Physiology Core 3 -
4 AAB40A Molecular Biotechnology Core 3 -
AAB40D Academic Exercise - Biology Core 3 -
Total AUs for Degree 42 -

Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.

AS 2 Biology Structure for BA/BSc (Ed) (Secondary)
Year Course Code Title Course Category No of AUs Pre-requisites
1 AAB10A Evolution, Diversity and Ecosystems Core 3 -
AAB10B Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Life Core 3 -
AAB10C Basic Molecular Genetics and Microbiology Core 3 -
AAB10D Cell Structure and Function Core 3 -
Total AUs for Degree 12 -

Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.


Course Synopses

AAB10A Evolution, Diversity and Ecosystems

Origin, classification and organization of living organisms as they increase in complexity from lower to higher forms; Biological adaptation and phylogenetic relations among the major groups of organisms (microorganisms, plants and animals); Overview of natural ecosystems, with particularly emphasis on tropical rainforests, mangrove habitats, intertidal shores and coral reefs; Study of the diversity and interactions of organisms in these tropical ecosystems. These topics are taught with special emphases on linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB10B Physiological and Biochemical Basis of Life

This course provides an introduction to the basic physiological and biochemical processes occurring in both plants and human. Topics include energy transformation, enzymes, cellular respiration, gaseous exchange, heterotrophic nutrition, autotrophic nutrition including plant mineral nutrition and photosynthesis, heart and circulation, water and mineral uptake and transport in plants, muscle contraction, homeostasis, excretion and osmoregulation, nervous control and temperature regulation, hormonal communication and reproduction. Topics are taught with linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB10C Basic Molecular Genetics and Microbiology

This is a basic course on the molecular basis of genetics, the study of heredity, and on microbiology, the study of bacteria, viruses and fungi. The course covers Mendelian inheritance; alleles and genotypes; traits and phenotypes; DNA replication; transcription and translation; regulation of gene expression; protein synthesis, transportation and degradation. It also covers the classification of microorganisms; how they grow and replicate; how they interact with the environment and their industrial and medical importance. Topics are taught with linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB10D Cell Structure and Function

The course provides an overview of the chemical constituents of cells, their biological roles and the organization and function of eukaryotic cells. The structure of different cell types and organ systems in both plants and animals and the relation to their physiological functions in an organism will also be discussed. Topics of this course are taught with special emphases on linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB20A Current Genetics

This is a course on the science of genes, heredity, and variation in living organisms. It covers cell division, mitosis and meiosis; non-Mendelian inheritance; epigenetics; sex determination and sex-linked characteristics; pedigree analysis, applications and genetic testing; linkage, recombination and mapping; chromosome structure, variation and transposable elements, genomics and proteomics; population and evolutionary genetics.

Back to Top


AAB20B Plant Evolution and Diversity

The diversity of plants has long been one of the cornerstones of "traditional" biology. Plant diversity, far from being a static body of knowledge, is a dynamic and progressive field. We will not only learn about the diversity of plants, but also about their evolutionary history. Developments in the field of plant diversity studies will be highlighted, as well as the links between plant diversity and other areas of the biological sciences. Topics to be covered will include photosynthetic protists, a survey of the Plant Kingdom, plant adaptations and selected life history strategies, and an introduction to plant phylogeny. Both the hands-on and discussion-based elements of this course can link easily with both current and future school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB20C Animal Evolution and Diversity

Concepts of evolution of diversity, speciation and phylogenetic inter-relationships among major invertebrate and vertebrate phyla are discussed based on anatomy, biological design, body size, form and functions. Other aspects covered include allometry, biomechanics; developmental and comparative embryology; major organ systems, e.g., integumentary, cardiovascular system, skeletal system, nervous systems; adaptations; ectothermy and endothermy. A synthesis of evolutionary biology concludes the course. Topics of this course are taught with special emphases on linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB20D Ecology

The course covers concepts in population, community, and applied ecology. Topics included are: population parameters, their measurements and methods of studying populations; population growth; population fluctuations and cycles, regulation and dynamics; life history patterns and strategies; inter-species interactions and co-evolutionary interactions, organizational and functional basis in plant and animal communities; changes in community structure, organization and composition over time; the influences of agents of disturbance or stability as well as diversity indices as measurements of community structure. Topics of this course are taught with special emphases on linkages to the current school curricula.

Back to Top


AAB20E Quantitative Biology

Data description and types of biological data; sampling from populations. The arithmetic mean, median, mode, range, mean deviation, variance, standard deviation, coefficient of variation. Chi-square goodness-of-fit, contingency tables. One sample hypotheses concerning the mean, reporting variability about the mean. Two sample hypotheses: testing for difference between two means and variances. Paired-sample hypotheses: the paired-sample t test. Multisample hypotheses: the analysis of variance (ANOVA), single factor analysis and multiple comparisons. Two factor ANOVA and interaction between variables. Data transformations. Simple linear regression, multiple regressions, regression vs correlation. Fundamentals of experimental design. Other quantitative aspects of quantitative biology: Hardy-Weinberg equation in population genetics, cladistics and numerical taxonomy in vertebrate zoology, clustering in molecular biology.

Back to Top


AAB20G Biochemistry

Cells depend on a continuous inflow and outflow of energy, material and information for its continued existence. The emphasis here will be on the principles of bioenergetics, biosynthesis and catabolism of carbohydrates, fats, amino acids and nucleic acids and the regulation, integration of metabolic pathways in the organism and enzyme kinetics. Basic biochemical techniques like centrifugation, spectrophotometry, column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and electrophoresis will be covered in the practical session.

Back to Top


AAB30A Field Study of Ecosystem Diversity in a Changing World

In this course, the concepts of evolution, diversity and ecosystems are studied in the field, applied in context of a changing world. In an experiential field-based learning environment, students will have an opportunity to explore various tropical ecosystems, e.g., coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangroves, tropical rainforests, and conduct projects to assess the health and vulnerability of these ecosystems. The course will encourage students to integrate all levels of biological organization in the context of adaptation for survival in the real world of Nature.

Back to Top


AAB30C Animal Physiology

This course focuses on the mechanisms at the gene, cellular and organismal levels that enable different types of animals to function in their environment. Topics covered include digestion and metabolism, circulation, ionic and osmotic balance, thermal physiology, muscles and locomotion, gas exchange and acid base balance, sensory physiology and reproduction.

Back to Top


AAB30D Plant Physiology

The course covers metabolism of water and inorganic ions, light use and leaf gas exchange, carbon dioxide assimilation and respiration, allocation and partitioning of photoassimilate, the roles of plant hormones in plant growth and development, responses of plants to environmental stress and the ability of a plant to withstand stress. The importance of understanding plant physiological processes from the horticultural point of view. The topics are learnt through lecture, cooperative learning, and discussion on selected current research literature of plant physiology, practical class and mini-project.

Back to Top


AAB40A Molecular Biotechnology

Molecular Biotechnology is the biotechnology of the new millennium. It is an exciting, growing field of science that applies molecular biology tools to create useful products and procedures for use in areas of human and animal health, agriculture, food and sustainable energy production. This course covers regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes; protein trafficking and signal transduction and the applications of molecular biology tools in applied areas such as molecular cloning, genetic modification of organisms, tissue engineering, embryonic stem cell gene transfer, industrial fermentation, production of vaccines, enzymes and antibiotics.

Back to Top


AAB40B Behavioural Biology

Approaches to the study of animal and plant behaviour, observations and measurement of these behaviours are the foci of this course. We will deal with topics on how genes are lined to the development of behaviour, how physiology, neutral control of homeostasis govern co-ordination, spatial orientation, rhythmic behaviour, biological clock and learning (instinct, imprinting, conditioning, habituation, etc.). Other aspects of animal behaviour covered include: animal communication, territoriality, foraging behaviour and phenotypic plasticity, altruism and primate behaviour (mating system). Topics of plant behaviours include: plant cell membrane as environmental sensors; plant communication, plant movement and foraging, phenotypic plasticity and plant response to herbivore attack.

Back to Top


AAB40C Developmental Biology

This course utilises the genetic, molecular, and cellular mechanisms to explain the development of multicellular organisms. It considers how a single zygote gives rise to hundreds of diversified cell types, how these differentiated cells are organized into tissues and organs, how cell proliferation, differentiation and growth are regulated, and how an adult reproduce to generate the next generation. The emphasis is on the principles and key concepts that govern the process of development in nematode worm, Drosophila, zebrafish, mouse and Arabidopsis. Topics include: gametogenesis, fertilization, embryogenesis, gastrulation, organogenesis, sex determination, developmental gene regulation, and evolutionary mechanisms shaping developmental patterns among animals and plants.

Back to Top


AAB40D Academic Exercise – Biology

This course exposes students to all phases of the research process through inquiry-based learning strategies. These include the formulation of a research problem, setting of hypotheses, the design of experiments, data collection and analyses, and the discussion of results. This course provides opportunities for investigations in current research in the life sciences. This is a compulsory final year project.

Back to Top