AS 1 Physics Structure for BSc (Ed) (Primary 2 CS Track)
AS 1 Physics Structure for BSc (Ed) (Secondary)
Year 
Course Code 
Title 
Course Category 
No of AUs 
Prerequisites 
1 
AAP10A 
Mechanics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10B 
Thermal Physics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10C 
Electricity and Magnetism with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10D 
Optics & waves with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
2 
AAP20A 
Modern Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10D 
AAP20B 
Electromagnetism 
Core 
3 
AAP10C 
AAP20C 
Quantum Mechanics 
Core 
3 
AAP10A
AAP10D 
AAP20D 
Electronics 
Core 
3 
 
AAP20E 
Physics Laboratory I 
Core 
3 
 
AAP20G 
Solid State physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10B 
3 
AAP30A 
Lasers and Photonics 
Core 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20B
AAP20C 
AAP30B 
Physics Laboratory II 
Core 
3 
 
AAP30C 
Semiconductor Physics and Devices 
Core 
3 
AAP20G 
4 
AAP40A 
Nuclear Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20C 
AAP40B 
Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion 
Core 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20B 
AAP40C 
Academic Exercise: Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10A
AAP10B
AAP10C
AAP10D 
Select any 1 elective 
AAP43A 
Biomedical Physics 
Pres 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20B 
AAP43B 
Atomic and Molecular Physics 
Pres 
3 
AAP20C 
AAP43C 
Nanoscience 
Pres 
3 
AAP20G 
Total AUs for Degree 
51 

Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.
AS 1 Physics Structure for BSc (Ed) (Primary 3 CS Track)
Year 
Course Code 
Title 
Course Category 
No of AUs 
Prerequisites 
1 
AAP10A 
Mechanics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10B 
Thermal Physics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10C 
Electricity and Magnetism with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10D 
Optics & waves with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
2 
AAP20A 
Modern Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10D 
AAP20B 
Electromagnetism 
Core 
3 
AAP10C 
AAP20C 
Quantum Mechanics 
Core 
3 
AAP10A
AAP10D 
AAP20D 
Electronics 
Core 
3 
 
AAP20E 
Physics Laboratory I 
Core 
3 
 
AAP20G 
Solid State physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10B 
3 
AAP30A 
Lasers and Photonics 
Core 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20B
AAP20C 
AAP30B 
Physics Laboratory II 
Core 
3 
 
4 
AAP40A 
Nuclear Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP20A
AAP20C 
AAP40C 
Academic Exercise: Physics 
Core 
3 
AAP10A
AAP10B
AAP10C
AAP10D 
Total AUs for Degree 
42 
 
Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.
AS 2 Physics Structure for BA(Ed) / BSc(Ed) (Secondary)
Year 
Course Code 
Title 
Course Category 
No of AUs 
Prerequisites 
1 
AAP10A 
Mechanics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10B 
Thermal Physics with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10C 
Electricity and Magnetism with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
AAP10D 
Optics & waves with Laboratory 
Core 
3 
 
Total AUs for Degree 
12 
 
Please refer to the NIE Portal for the list of courses offered by semesters.
Course Synopses
AAP10A Mechanics with Laboratory
Introduction to Classical Mechanics: Units, Dimensions, Measurements, Uncertainties, Essential Mathematics for Mechanics; Kinematics: Displacement, Speed, Velocity, Acceleration; Dynamics: Newton's Laws and Applications; Friction, Circular Motion, Universal Gravitation; Work and Energy; Conservation Laws, NonConservative Forces, Resistive Forces; Simple Harmonic Motion, Pendulum, Small Angle Approximation; Escape Velocities; Bound And Unbound Orbits; Conservation Of Momentum; Rigid Body Kinematics and Dynamics: Moment of Inertia, Angular Momentum, Torques, Conservation of Angular Momentum; Fluid Mechanics and Applications: Pascal's Principle, Hydrostatics, Atmospheric Pressure; Archimedes' Principle; Fluid Dynamics; Bernoulli's Equation and its Applications.
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AAP10B Thermal Physics with Laboratory
Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics: Temperature, thermal equilibrium, Thermal expansion, Specific and latent heat, Ideal gas law, Behaviour of real substances, Heat transfer, Thermal conduction, StefanBoltzmann law. First Law of Thermodynamics: Internal energy, Heat and Work, Adiabatic processes. Kinetic theory: Mean free path, Diffusion, Equipartition theorem, Heat capacities of gases. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Heat engines and efficiency, Carnot cycle, Reversibility, Entropy, Order & disorder. Statistical Mechanics: Boltzmann, FermiDirac, and BoseEinstein distributions.
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AAP10C Electricity and Magnetism with Laboratory
Electrostatics: Electric charge, Coulombs law, Electric field, Gauss's law, Potential energy and Electric Potential, Electric dipoles, Capacitance, Dielectrics, Energy stored in electric fields. Electric current: Ohm's law, Resistivity, DC circuits, Kirchhoff's laws. Magnetism: Magnetic field, Biot Savart law, Ampere's Law, Force between current carrying conductors, Torque on a current loop and applications such as galvanometers and motors. Charged particles in E and B fields: Hall effect, cyclotron, mass spectrometer. Electromagnetic Induction: Faraday's law and Lenz's law, Electric generator, Eddy currents, Transformers and other applications, Self and mutual Inductance, Energy stored in magnetic fields.
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AAP10D Optics & waves with Laboratory
Geometrical Optics: Basic concepts in geometrical optics: Fermat's Principle; Reflection and refraction; Thin Lens. Physical Optics: Interference; Diffraction; Polarization. Oscillations: Simple Harmonic Motion, damping, forced oscillations. Waves: Wave Motion and equation, Harmonic Waves; Phase and Phase Velocity; The Superposition of Waves; Standing Waves; Beats; Group Velocity.
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AAP20A Modern Physics
Failure of Classical mechanics: Blackbody radiation; Photoelectric effect; Compton scattering. Atomic structure and wave particle duality: plum pudding model, Rutherford's Model of Atom and Bohr's theory. Waveparticle dualism; Davisson and Germer experiment, Heisenberg Uncertainty principle. Nuclear Physics: Nuclear shape and size, Nuclear stability, Binding energy, Radioactivity, concept of halflife and mean life, conservation laws, Nuclear fission and fusion. Special Theory of Relativity: Galilean Relativity and transformation, MichelsonMorley Experiment. Postulates of relativity and implications: simultaneity and clock synchronization, time dilation and length contraction. Lorentz Transformation including Fizeau's experiment. Paradoxes of relativity; Pole and barn paradox, and twin paradox. Relativistic mechanics: energy and momentum and relativity in nuclear & particle physics.
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AAP20B Electromagnetism
Maxwells equations: Gauss Law, AmpereMaxwell’s law, Faraday’s Laws. Differential and integral forms of Maxwell’s equations; Polarization and Magnetization: Macroscopic and microscopic fields in Homogeneous Isotropic Linear media. Alternative forms of Maxwells equations; Electromagnetic energy: Power, Poynting’s Theorem; Electromagnetic waves: free space and insulating materials and conductors and reflection from interface; Waveguides: impedance, transmission lines, reflection; Radiation: oscillating dipole, scattering.
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AAP20C Quantum Mechanics
Waveparticle duality: De Broglie's hypothesis, principle of superposition; The Schrodinger theory of quantum mechanics: wave function and its interpretation; probability density; concepts of quantum states; state vectors and its properties; distinguishability of quantum states, particleinabox model; The basic postulate of quantum mechanics: bra and ket vectors and the vector space; the operators and expectation values; eigenfunction and eigenvalues; Some simple systems: one dimensional potential problem; two and three dimensional potential problem; the central potential problem; the hydrogen atom; symmetry and degeneracy; Quantum tunneling in one dimension; Quantum harmonic oscillator.
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AAP20D Electronics
Analogue electronics: Impedance of resistors, capacitors and inductors, voltage transformers, characteristics of diodes, bipolar junction transistors and operational amplifiers, AC to DC conversion: current rectification and smoothing circuits, amplification circuits. Digital Electronics: Introduction to types of logic gates e.g. CMOS, TTL. Use of logic gates flip flops for counters, displays and binary arithmetic. Practical Application of Electronics: Use of electronics for physics experiments. Exposure to real life applications of electronics. Students will also be introduced to programming of microcontrollers.
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AAP20E Physics Laboratory I
Challenging experiments covering a broad range of topics covered in years 1 and 2. Modern physics: Michelson Interferometer, Measurement of speed of light. Quantum mechanics: Franck Hertz Experiment, Atomic Spectra. Thermal Physics: Latent heat of vaporization of liquid nitrogen. Electromagnetism: e/m Experiments, Magnetic Braking, Microwave optics. Optics and Waves: Faraday Effect, Brewster Angle, Complex oscillator.
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AAP20G Solid State physics
Atomic Structure: Rutherford model of atom, Bohr' model of atom, de Broglie Hypothesis, Quantum numbers. Bonding in Atoms: The van der Waal bonding, The Ionic bonding, The Covalent bonding, and The Metallic Bonding. Crystal Structure: Basic Definitions, Fundamental Types of Lattices, Cubic Lattice, Directions in Cubic Unit Cell, Miller Indices, Crystal Diffraction, Reciprocal Lattice. Defects in Crystals: Point defects, Line defects, and Planar defects (Grain Boundaries). Diffusion in Solids: Vacancy or Substitutional diffusion, Interstitial diffusion, Fick's first law of diffusion, NonSteady state diffusion, Ionic diffusion. Phonons and Lattice Vibrations: quantization of lattice vibration, phonon momentum, scattering by phonons. Magnetism in Solids: Diamagnetism in molecules, Langevin theory of Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism in solids. Solid state physics covers the most central concepts within modern physics and uses methods and principles from practically all previous physics courses.
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AAP30A Lasers and Photonics
Laws of Diffraction: Near and Far field diffraction, zone plates, Kirchhoff diffraction integral. Laser physics: laser medium, population inversion, gain, rate equations. Laser technology: examples of lasers, solid state, gas lasers, pumping methods, modelocking and qswitching. Nonlinear and multiphoton optics: harmonic generation, selfphase modulation, selffocusing. Applications of Photonics: Optical communication, Optoelectronics, Microscopy.
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AAP30B Physics Laboratory II
Challenging experiments mostly related to year 3 lecture topics. Solid State Physics: Xray diffraction, xray absorption. Lasers and photonics: Optical communication, nitrogen laser, optical emission spectroscopy. Nuclear physics: Alpha and Beta particles, Gamma spectroscopy. Pulse Technology: Transient LCR circuits. Computational physics: Programming and algorithms.
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AAP30C Semiconductor Physics and Devices
Semiconductor physics: Energy band theory, Carrier concentrations, electrons and holes in intrinsic and extrinsic materials, Carrier Transport Phenomena, Carrier mobility, Drift and Diffusion, Carriers in E&M fields and Hall Effect. Semiconductor devices: Physics of PN Junction, Photovoltaics and semiconductor solar cells., Semiconductor devices, diode, transistor, MOSFET, LED and laser, Physics of low dimensional semiconductors, Semiconductor processing.
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AAP40A Nuclear Physics
Basic nuclear properties: size, mass, binding energy, and stability. Radioactive decay law. Alpha, beta & gamma radiation. Neutrino hypothesis. Decay Q values. Natural radioactive decay series. Cross section and differential crosssection. Rutherford scattering. Interaction of radiation with matter: Stopping power and range of heavy charged particles. Attenuation of gamma rays. Nuclear models: Fermi gas, liquid drop and shell model, spin orbit coupling. Collective nuclear states. Electromagnetic multipoles and gamma transitions. Theories of alpha decay and beta decay. Angular momentum, parity and selection rules. Nuclear reactions: Reaction kinematics. Induced nuclear fission. Nuclear fusion. Detection and measurement of radiation.
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AAP40B Plasma Physics and Nuclear Fusion
Definition of plasma: Concept of Temperature; Debye Shielding; The Plasma Parameter; Criteria for Plasmas. Single Particle Motion: Motion of single charge particle in Uniform E and B fields; Gravitational Field; Nonuniform B field (GradB drift
& Curvature drift); Nonuniform E field. World Energy Scenario: The energy crisis, Need to develop a relatively clean longterm alternative energy source; Thermonuclear Fusion: The Nuclear fusion as energy source, Possible Fusion Reactions, Fusion Reaction Cross section. The Fundamentals of Fusion Process: The Energy Balance, Bremsstrahlung & Cyclotron Power Loss (formulae and concept only), Effect of Impurity. Plasma Confinement and Heating: The Magnetic Confinement: Magnetic Mirror & Tokamak; Scheme of Plasma heating; Inertial Laser Fusion: ICF Power gain and Driver requirements, Thermonuclear Burn Fraction, Implosion and compression of matter; Ignition and Propagation burn; The Plasma Focus: General characteristics, Plasma Radiation Source and Applications.
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AAP40C Academic Exercise: Physics
Student teachers taking Physics as AS1 subject should be exposed to the various stages of research work to allow them to supervise and facilitate student projects in school and also to enable them to take up higher degree by research in the future. The objective of this course is to provide them with research experience. In this course, the student teacher will be asked to carry out a short research project, either theoretical or experimental, under the supervision of an academic staff. They will learn how to formulate a research proposal, experience the process of gathering data. They will also learn to work closely with their mentors to learn the techniques of analyzing data to draw proper inferences. Students will present and communicate their projects as a research paper and a poster.
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AAP43A Biomedical Physics
This course explores the physics underlying the medical imaging techniques which are such an essential part of diagnostic medicine, as well as biomedical research. The main topics covered are: Ultrasound in Biomedical Sciences: the Doppler effect and the physiological effects of ultrasound in therapy. Lasers in Biomedical Sciences: lasers and lasertissue interaction, laserinduced auto fluorescence of biological tissues, and laser imaging of cancer tissues; confocal and atomic force microscopy – surface topography of native biomolecules at nanometer resolution, structure and function of living cells. Radionuclides for medical imaging: gammacamera, positron emission tomography (PET), positron annihilation, interaction of gammarays with matter, scintillation detectors, coincidence detection and image decoding. Single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT).
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AAP43B Atomic and Molecular Physics
Oneelectron atoms: The Schrodinger equation and its solution for a Coulomb field, spinorbit interaction energy, relativistic correction of state energy, the Lamb shift, radiative processes and selective rules, applications of the Schrodinger equation. Two electron atoms: Electrostatic interaction and exchange degeneracy, helium ground state and Pauli exclusive principle, singlet and triplet energy states of helium. Multielectron atoms: The centralfield approximation, energy ordering of the outer filled subshells, alkali atoms, the LS and JJ couplings, allowed terms, multiplet structure and Lande interval rule, Doppler shift and broadening, applications in X ray line spectra. Molecular Physics: Separation of electronic and nuclear motion, potential energy function for a chemical bond, vibrational energy states of diatomic molecules, rotational energy states for a rigid molecule and a nonrigid rotator, rotational energylevel population, applications in rotation vibration spectra of linear molecules and simple polyatomic molecules, infrared spectroscopy and spectroscopic techniques. Practical sessions in the laboratory would complement lectures and tutorial lessons in deepening the understanding the basic concepts of atomic and molecular physics.
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AAP43C Nanoscience
Fundamentals of Nanoscience: Size dependent phenomena, nanoscaled system, electron configuration in atom, atom arrangement; basic Quantum Mechanics, particle in box, quantum dots, quantum wires and quantum wells; physics of low dimensional materials, the free Fermi gas, density of state. Effects of nanometer scale length: role of surface at nanoscale length; effect of nano dimensions on the systems’ total energy, structure and many physical (structural, mechanical, thermal, magnetic, optical and electronic) and chemical properties. Nanoparticles: tetrahedrally bonded semiconductor structures. Properties of individual nanoparticles: metal nanocluster; semiconducting nanoparticles, magnetic nanoparticles. Methods of synthesis of nanomaterials: Carbon nanostructures and their applications . Introduction and preparation of quantum nanostructures; Nanoscience for biological systems. Nanomachine and Nanodevices: MEMSs and NEMSs. Characterization methods in nanoscience: fundamental of various microscopic tools of for visualization of nanoscale materials such as scanning and transmission electron microscopy, scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy.
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