Carbon-based Hybrid Functional Nanomaterials using Various Plasma Routes

Project Number
RS 6/14 RSR

Project Duration
August 2014 - February 2017

Status
In-Progress (Extended)

Abstract
Hybrid functional nanomaterials are nanoscale materials with two components one which is organic and the other inorganic. They are assembled for the purpose of generating desirable properties and functionalities with twofold aim: to enhance advantageous chemical, electrochemical, magnetic or electronic characteristics and at the same time to suppress undesirable properties. The vast number of hybrid material components available has opened up a wide and diversified field of fascinating research. For carbon based hybrid functional material, most strategies designed to functionalize carbon nanostructures involve the use of strong acids as reagents and organic solvents as reaction media; leading to environmental pollution and health hazards. The global requirement is to develop environmentally-friendly greener methods to prepare hybrid function nanomaterials. Plasma, the fourth state of the matter, refers to the ionized gas containing active species such as ions, electrons, photons, and excited atoms and molecules. The presence of active species in plasma in far from equilibrium state makes this state of the matter useful for both (i) synthesis of and (ii) functionalization of nanomaterial. The plasma based processes are considered to be green technology as the amount of reagents used in minimum and synthesis time is significantly reduced. The proposed project will focus on the optimization of synthesis process of carbon nanomaterial (nanoparticles, nanotubes and grapheme) based hybrid functional material using various plasma routes with their extensive characterization and possible applications.

Funding Source
NIE

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