Reflective practice is “a deliberate pause to assume an open perspective, to allow for higher-level thinking processes. Practitioners use these processes for examining beliefs, goals, and practices, to gain new or deeper understandings that lead to actions that improve learning for students” (York-Barr, Sommers, Ghere, & Montie, 2001, p.6).
A good teacher must be a reflective practitioner. To make sense of and learn from your experience during practicum, you need to ask yourself the following questions when you do your reflections (adapted from York-Barr, Sommers, Ghere, & Montie, 2001; Richardson, 2002):
1. What happened? (What did I do? What did others do?)
2. Why? (Why did I think things happened this way? Why did I choose to act the way I did?)
3. So what? (What have I learned from this? How might this change my future thinking, behaviour and interactions?)
4. Now what? (What do I want to remember to think about in a similar situation? How do I want to act?)