Dr Josh Wang Li-Yi's paper In The Australian Educational Researcher
Wednesday, 23 March 2016
Dr Wang Li-Yi, Research Scientist, OER, together with Dr Li Jen-Yi, Research Scientist, OER, Dr Tan Liang See, Assistant Dean (School Partnerships), OER, Dr Irene Tan, Master Teacher, Academy of Singapore Teachers, Dr Lim Xue-Fang, Research Assistant, OER, and Dr Wu Bing Sheng, Assistant Professor, Humanities and Social Sciences Education Academic Group, co-wrote a paper titled “Unpacking high and low efficacy teachers’ task analysis and competence assessment in teaching low-achieving students in secondary schools”.
The paper, published in the online version of The Australian Educational Researcher in December 2015, looks at the themes of Teacher Efficacy, Low Achieving Students and Teacher Learning. Using a pragmatic qualitative research design to unpack high and low efficacy teachers’ task analysis and competence assessment in the context of teaching low-achieving students, nine secondary school English and Science teachers were recruited and interviewed for the study.
The results of the analysis showed that helping students perform well in exams was identified by both high efficacy teachers (HETs) and low efficacy teachers (LETs). Although the HETs showed more confidence than the LETs in instructional strategies, classroom management and student engagement, both experienced struggles when their personality traits and beliefs were in conflict with required strategies or imposed regulations. The study also showed that the LETs’ sense of efficacy could be enhanced if they were provided with courses that focus on coaching and mentoring experiences.