The examination paper will contain multiple choice questions from five subtopics in physics mentioned under “Topics for PGDE Pre-Selection Test” below.
Physics: Principles with Applications by Douglas C. Giancoli (6^{th} Edition), Pearson (Prentice Hall) Fundamentals of Physics by David Halliday, Robert Resnick and Jearl Walker (7^{th} Edition), John Wiley
Mechanics Vector algebra and kinematics Newton’s laws and simple applications Friction Circular motion & universal gravitation Conservation laws: Rigid body kinematics and dynamics Oscillations Introduction to continuous media Optics and Waves Geometrical Optics: Basic concepts in geometrical optics Fermat’s Principle; Reflection and refraction Thin Lens. Physical Optics: Wave Motion and equation Harmonic Waves Phase and Phase Velocity The Superposition of Waves; Standing Waves; Beats; Group Velocity; Interference; Diffraction; Polarization Modern Physics and Special Relativity Galilean Relativity and transformation Michelson-Morley Experiment Postulates of relativity and implications: simultaneity and clock synchronization, time dilation and length contraction Lorentz Transformation including Fizeau’s experiment Paradoxes of relativity: Pole and barn paradox, and twin paradox Blackbody radiation; Photoelectric effect; Compton scattering Atomic structure: Rutherford's Model of Atom and Bohr's theory Wave-particle dualism: de Broglie hypothesis, Heisenberg Uncertainty principle Nuclear Physics: Nuclear shape and size, Nuclear stability, Binding energy Radioactivity, concept of half-life and mean life, conservation laws Electromagnetism Electric field; Gauss’s law; Electric potential energy and potential; Dipoles Capacitance. Energy stored in electric field Electric current, Ohm’s law, Resistivity Kirchhoff’s law; DC circuit Magnetic field; Bio-Savart law; Ampere’s Law Charge particles in E and B fields -- Hall effect and mass spectrometer Electromagnetic Induction; Faraday’s law and Lenz’s law; Electric generator Eddy currents. Transformer and other applications of induction Inductance: self and mutual; Energy stored in magnetic field Analysis of AC circuit, including LRC, Resonance, Impedance matching Polarization; Dielectrics and their applications Electric displacement vectors. EM waves in free space and dielectric materials Thermal Physics Temperature; Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics Thermal expansion; Specific and latent heat Ideal gas law Heat transfer; Stefan-Boltzmann law Kinetic theory Internal energy & First Law of Thermodynamics Equipartition theorem Heat capacities of gases; Adiabatic processes