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Associate Professor

Deputy Head (Research & Postgraduate Matters), NSSE

Natural Sciences & Science Education (NSSE)

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Office Telephone Number

Research Interests
biochemistry, physiology & biochemistry of fishes

  • Academic Background
    • BSc (Honours); PhD NUS
    • PGDipTHE NTU
    Professional Organisations
    • European Society for Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Member
    • Singapore Institute of Biology, Member
    • AAB102 Cell Structure and Function
    • AAB206 General Physiology
    • AAB301 Biochemistry
    • AAB302 Animal Physiology
    • ASK301/DSS100 Topics in Primary Science for Primary Teaching
    • MLS828 Environmental Health & Toxicology
    • MLS865 Comparative Environmental Physiology
    • QUB512 Biochemical & Physiological Basis of Life
    Research Interests

    On the mudflats of Singapore, dwell many interesting intertidal organisms like the mudskippers, sipunculids and the intertidal pulmonates. We are intrigued by the capabilities of these organisms in surviving in such harsh environment.  These intertidal organisms are exposed to low oxygen tension since they burrow into the mudflats.  They are also exposed to the fluctuating salinities and the high sulfide content in the mudflats.  Thus, our laboratory has been actively involved in elucidating the biochemical strategies employed by these organisms in adapting to the harsh environment in the mudflats.  Recently, we have been looking extensively on the nitrogen metabolism of some interesting fish during terrestrial excursion and high ammonia exposure. These include Misgurnus anguillicaudatus also known as the weatherloach, Oxyeleotris marmoratus commonly known as Soon Hock (a delicacy serve in our local restaurants), Channa asiatica (also called the snakehead which is well known as a tonic used to speed recovery after a surgery), Periophthalmodon schlosseri (a giant mudskipper found in Pasir Ris Mangrove), Monopterus albus (swamp eel), Protopterus spp (African lungfish) and Himantura signifer (freshwater stingray).  Our results indicated that different fishes used different strategies to prevent ammonia build-up in their tissues.