XU Shuyan


Natural Sciences & Science Education (NSSE)

Office Location



Office Telephone Number

Research Interests
plasma for photovoltaics and environment, plasma nanoscience, plasma physics, sources and diagnostics

  • Shuyan is a professor of plasma physics with a combination of experimental, analytical, and computational knowledge and experiences. His research interests lie in the areas of physics and applications of high density plasmas, RMF current drive in fusion plasma, development of plasma facilities and diagnostic instrumentation,  applications of nonequilibrium plasma for silicon photovoltaics and environment,  and plasma aided nano-fabrication and processing.  He has conceived and founded a  Plasma Sources and Applications Centre (PSAC) comprising of three research units: a) Plasma Processing Laboratory (PPL), b) Advanced Materials and Nanostructures Laboratory (AMNL),  and c) Photovoltaic Research Laboratory (PRL).  PSAC is equipped with a comprehensive range of plasma processing reactors and device fabrication tools, plasma diagnostics, materials and devices characterisation facilities, photovoltaic cell test equipment, and a class 10k clean room.  Shuyan has had many achievements, including

    • ~200 Journal publications and ~250 conference presentations,
    • 2 Books ( by Wiley-VCH and World Scientific) and 2 book chapters (by CRC and Springer),
    • ~60 Keynote addresses and invited talks, and 
    • 10 International patents.

    Shuyan has been the Principal Investigator for 12 academic and industrial projects, winning a total of $5.1 million research grants through competitive external funding programmes. To date, he has supervised 18 PhD and 23 MSc/BSc(Hon) students, and hosted 12 Nobel Laureates’ visits to his research Centre. 

    PSAC offers excellent resources and facilities for post-graduate research leading to a PhD. Enquiries are welcome at any time. 

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    Academic Background
    • PhD:  Flinders University, Australia (1991, Plasma Physics)
    • BSc:  Nanjing University, China (1982, Semiconductor Physics)
    Current Appointment
    • Professor of Physics, NIE, Nanyang Technological University (since 2004)
    • Fellow, Institute of Advanced Studies, NTU
    • Member, University Advisory Board, NTU
    • Chair, NTU Research Council Sub Committee for Cluster EP5P
    Previous Appointment
    • Lecturer/ Senior Lecturer/ Associate Professor, NIE, NTU (1994-2004)
    • Vice Dean (Acad.), School of Physical and  Mathematical Sciences, NTU (2005)
    • Denison Distinguished Visiting Professor, University of Sydney, Australia (2007-2008)
    • Editor-in-Chief, Singapore Journal of Physics (1998-2005)
    Research Interests
    • Physics and generations of high density plasmas
    • In-situ diagnostics and deterministic control of non-equilibrium plasma in industrial plasma processes such as etching, deposition, and ion implantation
    • Plasma for silicon photovoltaics and space use
    • Assembly and characterization of low dimensional materials and nanostructures
    • MHD Modelling, simulation of  plasma  dynamics and self-organization processes
    • Rotating magnetic field current drive in fusion plasmas
    • Atmospheric pressure plasma in environmental applications
    Recent Research Grants
    • High Density Low Temperature Plasma Atomization by Impulsive Ion Impact [2014-2016, S$300,000; AcRF];
    • Development of Si Heterojunction Solar Cells via Advanced Plasma Technologies [2012-2015, S$300,000; A*STAR];
    • Low-Cost, Microcrystalline Silicon Thin-film Solar Cells via Advanced Plasma Processing [2008-2012, S$1.74 million, NRF]
    Industrial Partners
    • Applied  Materials  -  World leader in Semiconductor Equipment   

    • Yingli Green Energy - World leader in PV manufacturing

    Courses Taught
    • AAP101 - Understanding Essential Mechanics
    • AAP301 - Solid State Physics
    • AAP303 - Materials Science
    • MLS814 - Physical Methods for the Analysis of  Energy  Materials
    • MLS842 - Nanotechnology
    • MLS882 - Photovoltaic Physics and Solar Cells
    • BAP422 - Solid States & Semiconductor  Physics
    • BAP537 - Advanced Materials
    • BAP423 - Plasma Physics
    • SC844 - Plasma Diagnostics