Development of a Multi-Organism and Multi-Level Biomarker System for Biomonitoring of Marine Ecosystem Health

Project Number
NParks-Biomonitoring of Marine Ecosystem

Project Duration
March 2016 - September 2019


The application of ecotoxicological tools in environmental monitoring has proven to be successful in Singapore. Ecotoxicology biomarkers are potentially useful as early warning systems of environmental degradation. However, with more frequent occurrences of catastrophic events like massive plankton blooms and fish deaths in aquaculture facilities from climate change events, a focus on environmental health that includes monitoring the health of all components of the marine ecosystem becomes essential. Based on the outputs of a long-standing NParks collaboration (NParks Bio-Monitoring Toolkit), and more recently, the NParks Citizen Science Marine Eco-toxicity Biomonitoring Programme, Secondary school teachers and students have effectively contributed to monitoring several coastal shores in Singapore over the last two years. They utilised techniques developed to measure biological processes at the molecular, biochemical, cellular and physiological level of green mussels and gastropods (published as an e-book, Goh et al., 2014). The biomarker techniques were taught at teacher-student workshops organised by NIE, and project groups were then deployed to conduct regular monitoring activities using determined test organisms.

Funding Source
Dr Karenne Tun, National Parks Board

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