Reforming the Language Curriculum in Singapore: An Implementation Perspective

Project Number
OER 20/15 JL

Project Duration
January 2016 - June 2019


This study focuses on primary school teachers’ implementation of the STELLAR programme. The study aims to study and gain insights into this implementation by looking at the variations of the curricular adaptations and enactment. This study will employ multiple forms of data gathering based on the concerns-based adoption model (CBAM), which includes questionnaires, classroom observations, artefact analysis and semi-structured interviews, to look at the enactment and the type of adaptations made of the STELLAR programme by teachers in different types of primary schools (government, government-aided [missionary] & government-aided [clan association]). Since research has shown that adaptations are part and parcel of any curricular implementation and that school contexts exert an enormous influence over teachers’ decision-making process of the adaptations, it is essential to examine the reasons why teachers adapt the programme and the extent of the adaptation. It is only by looking at the implementation that curriculum developers are able to confirm (or disconfirm) that the reforms have been successful. With this knowledge of the implementation process, the developers are then able to pinpoint the specific aspects of the implementation that need to be improved or addressed. This information is especially pertinent when academic outcomes are not achieved, even though a reform has taken place. The implementation evidence can then be drawn upon to explain such a scenario. This would have implications for curriculum reform and implementation.

Funding Source

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