Ph.D. Education (1980),
University of Edinburgh
M.Sc. African Studies (1976),
University of Edinburgh
B.A. (Hons) Economic Studies
(1973), University of Newcastle upon Tyne
April 2010 to date: University
of Hong Kong: Chair Professor: Personal Chair in Comparative Education.
Designated UNESCO Chair Professor in Comparative Education, 2012.
2006 to March 2010: UNESCO
International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris: Director.
1986 - 2006: University of Hong Kong
- 2002 - 2006: Dean, Faculty of Education
- 1999 - 2006: Chair Professor: Personal Chair in Comparative Education
- 1996 - 2002: Director, Comparative Education Research Centre
- 1991 - 1995: Head, Department of Education
- 1987 - 1999: Lecturer, Senior Lecturer, Reader; Department of Education
- 1986 - 2006: Research Associate, Fellow; Centre of Asian Studies
1995: The World Bank,
Washington DC: Visiting Research Fellow
1984 - 1985: University
of London Institute of Education: Lecturer in Educational Planning and
Management, Department of International and Comparative Education.
1981 - 1984: University of Papua New Guinea:
1984 Senior Lecturer/Lecturer in Educational Planning.
1978 - 1981: University
of Edinburgh, UK: Lecturer, Department of Education/Centre of African Studies.
Affiliations (associations, organizations, institutions)
World Council of Comparative Education Societies (WCCES)
- Assistant Secretary General (1994-2000)
- Secretary General (2000-05)
- President (2004-07)
- Co-opted Member of Executive Committee (2007-12)
- UNESCO Liaison Representative (2012-)
Comparative Education Society of
Hong Kong (CESHK), President (1998-2000)
Comparative Education Society of
Asia (CESA), Director (1995-2001; 2010-)
Comparative & International
Education Society (CIES), Board Member (1996-1999); President-Elect (2015-16)
Bray, Mark with Lillis, Kevin
(eds.) (1988): Community Financing of Education: Issues and Policy
Implications in Less Developed Countries. Pergamon Press, Oxford, 234 pp.
Bray, Mark & Packer, Steve
(1993): Education in Small States: Concepts, Challenges and Strategies,
Pergamon Press, Oxford, 295 pp. Abbreviated version translated into
Japanese by Nagoya University 1996.
Bray, Mark & Thomas, R.
Murray (1995): 'Levels of Comparison in Educational Studies: Different Insights
from Different Literatures and the Value of Multilevel Analyses', Harvard
Educational Review, Vol.65, No.3, pp.472-90.
Bray, Mark (1996): Counting
the Full Cost: Parental and Community Financing of Education in East Asia,
The World Bank, Washington DC (in collaboration with UNICEF), 84 pp.
Revised version published in Chinese (2000) by Beijing Normal University Press,
Bray, Mark & Lee, W.O. (eds.)
(1997): Education and Political Transition: Implications of Hong Kong's
Change of Sovereignty, special issue of Comparative Education,
Vol.33, No.2. Republished in book form as CERC Studies in Comparative
Education 2, Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong
Kong, 169 pp.
Bray, Mark (1999): The
Shadow Education System: Private Tutoring and its Implications for
Planners. Fundamentals in Educational Planning, UNESCO
International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, 97 pp. Second
edition 2007. French edition 1999; Azeri edition 2006; Chinese edition 2007;
Japanese edition 2014.
Bray, Mark (1999): 'Control of
Education: Issues and Tensions in Centralization and Decentralization', in
Robert F. Arnove & Carlos A. Torres (eds.), Comparative Education:
The Dialectic of the Global and the Local, Rowman & Littlefield,
Lanham, Maryland, pp.207-232. Second edition, 2003; third edition, 2007; fourth
Bray, Mark (2000): Double-Shift
Schooling: Design and Operation for School Effectiveness. [Second edition
of 1989 book published by Commonwealth Secretariat and UNESCO/UNICEF in English
and French, and by UNICEF in Khmer] The Commonwealth Secretariat, London and
UNESCO International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, 93 pp.
Bray, Mark & Gui Qin (2001):
'Comparative Education in Greater China: Contexts, Characteristics, Contrasts,
and Contributions', Comparative Education, Vol.37, No.4,
Bray, Mark (ed.) (2003): Comparative
Education: Continuing Traditions, New Challenges, and New Paradigms.
Special double issue of International Review of Education, Vol.49,
Nos. 1 & 2. Republished in book form by Kluwer, Dordrecht, 262 pp.
Bulgarian translation published by Bureau of Educational Services, Sophia, 2005;
Farsi translation published by Jungle Publishing House, Tehran, 2005; Japanese
translation published by Toshindo Press, Tokyo, 2005; Hungarian translation
published by Hungarian Pedagogic Society, Budapest, 2006; Italian translation
published by Cooperativa Universitaria Editrice Catanese di Magisterio, 2006;
Chinese translation published by East China Normal University Press, Shanghai,
2007. Bosnian translation published 2007 by University of Sarajevo.
Bray, Mark & Koo, Ramsey
(eds.) (2004): Education and Society in Hong Kong and Macao:
Comparative Perspectives on Continuity and Change. second edition
Hong Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong,
323 pp.. Parallel English-language version published by Springer, Dordrecht,
2005. Chinese translation in traditional characters published by National
Taiwan Normal University Press, Taipei, 2005. Chinese translation in simplified
characters published by People's Education Press, Beijing, 2006.
Masemann, Vandra; Bray, Mark & Manzon, Maria (eds.) (2007): Common
Interests, Uncommon Goals: Histories of the World Council of Comparative
Education Societies and its Members, Hong Kong: Comparative Education
Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong, and Dordrecht: Springer, 384 pp.
Bray, Mark & Lykins, Chad
(2012): Shadow Education: Private
Supplementary Tutoring and its Implications for Policy Makers in Asia. Hong
Kong: Comparative Education Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong, and
Manila: Asian Development Bank.
Bray, Mark, Adamson, Bob
& Mason, Mark (eds.) (2014): Comparative Education Research:
Approaches and Methods, 2nd ed. Hong Kong: Comparative Education
Research Centre, The University of Hong Kong, and Dordrecht: Springer, 453 pp.
Contributed By: Maria
Manzon, National Institute of Education, Singapore