Marlaine Lockheed (1942 - )

Lockheed Marlaine

Short Biography & Significant Contribution

Marlaine Lockheed is currently a Lecturer in Public and International Affairs at Princeton University and a Visiting Fellow at the Center for Global Development, having retired from the World Bank in 2004 after two decades of service. At the Bank, Lockheed's major contributions were her groundbreaking work in the area of primary education, leading to the Bank first policy paper on that topic, the seminal book "Improving Primary Education in Developing Countries" and a program of research studies related to effective schooling in developing countries. While at the Bank, she also directed major studies on primary education in India and on education decentralization. Her most recent research has focused on gender and social exclusion in education.

Lockheed served as the Director for Education, ad interim, for the World Bank, 2000-2001, and Education Sector Manager in the Middle East and North Africa, 1997-2000. In addition, she headed the World Bank Institute's Evaluation Group, 2001-2004. Prior to joining the World Bank, she was a principal research scientist at Educational Testing Service, where she directed research on gender equity in education and testing.

She served as Vice-President of the American Educational Research Association, a member of the U.S. National Academy of Science's National Research Council's Board in International and Comparative Studies in Education, and Associate Editor of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis and was awarded AERA's Willystine Goodsell Award for Research on Women in 1985. She has taught at Harvard, Stanford, Princeton, and University of Texas.

Educational Background

Ph.D. Stanford University, 1972 International Development Education

B.A. Reed College, 1964 Philosophy

Professional Background

World Bank 1985-2004

Educational Testing Service 1972-1985

Affiliations (associations, organizations, institutions)

Save the Children, Education Leadership Council, 2005-

National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council Board on International Comparative Studies in Education, 1995-2001

Chair, American Educational Research Association, Special Interest Group on International Studies, 1991-1993

Chair, American Educational Research Association Committee on Government and Professional Relations, 1991-1993

Board of Directors, Comparative and International Education Society, 1989-92

Chair, Committee on the Status of Women, American Sociological Association, 1986 87

Executive Board, American Educational Research Association, 1984 85

Vice President, American Educational Research Association, 1983 85

Advisory Board, Girls' Clubs of America National Resource Center, 1983

Vice Chairman and Member, Board of Trustees, New Jersey Neuropsychiatric Institute, 1977-78

Selected Publications


Maureen Lewis and Marlaine Lockheed (Eds.). Exclusion, Gender and Education: Case Studies from the Developing World. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development (2007)

Maureen Lewis and Marlaine Lockheed. Inexcusable Absence: Why 60 million girls still aren't in school and what to do about it. Washington, DC: Center for Global Development (2006)

Paud Murphy, Vincent Greaney, Marlaine Lockheed and Carlos Rojas (Eds.) National Assessment Systems. Education Development Institute Seminar Series, Washington D.C.:World Bank,1996

Henry M. Levin and Marlaine E. Lockheed (Eds.), Effective Schools in Developing Countries, New York: Falmer Press, 1993.

Marlaine E. Lockheed and Adriaan Verspoor, Improving Primary Education in Developing Countries, New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.

Jane Hannaway and Marlaine E. Lockheed (Eds.) The Contribution of the Social Sciences to Educational Policy and Practice, 1965 1985. Berkeley, CA: McCutchan Publishing Company, 1986.

Special Issues of Journals

Marlaine E. Lockheed and Santiego Cueto (Eds.) "Education Equity and Quality in Developing and Transition Countries", special issue ofInternational Journal of Educational Research, 2006, 45 (3)

Emmanuel Jimenez and Marlaine E. Lockheed (Eds.) "Private versus Public Education: An International Perspective", special issue ofInternational Journal of Educational Research, 1991, 15 (5).

Marlaine E. Lockheed (Ed.) "Women, Girls and Computers", special issue of Sex Roles: A Journal of Research,, 1985, 13 (3 & 4).

Laurie Larwood and Marlaine E. Lockheed (Eds.) "Women as Managers", special issue of Sex Roles: A Journal of Research, 1975, 5 (5).


Created: 1/4/2009

Updated: 1/21/2009

Contributed By: Marlaine Lockheed