Short Biography & Significant Contribution
Zoya Malkova was born on November
19, 1921 in a small Russian town of Kizel. After finishing her secondary
education in Orekhovo-Zuyevo, (near Moscow) in 1939, she entered Moscow
Aviation Institute. In 1941 she volunteered to join the army troops combating
at the frontline of the World War II as an aircraft technician in the 586th
women's fighter regiment.
war, Zoya Malkova entered Moscow Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages.
Upon finishing her higher education, she taught English at a secondary school.
Keeping on working as the teacher, she entered correspondence postgraduate
studies at the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy (currently under
Russian Academy of Education). After successful completion of the Candidate of
Sciences dissertation in 1956, Zoya Malkova started her career in the Institute
of Theory and History of Pedagogy, ultimately being promoted from the position
of a junior research fellow to the Institute director. From 1957, she shifted
concentration onto Comparative Education. In the span of her career, Malkova
published more than 120 research articles, monographs and books.
Malkova directed her research work toward primarily studying education and
pedagogical theories in the USA. She conducted numerous visits to the United
States, which created a strong foundation for her long-lasting person-to-person
communication with leading scholars in comparative education in America.
collaboration with educationalists in the United States, as well as her
continued supervision of her colleagues' research, resulted in building
invaluable international connections. Zoya Malkova headed international
research groups and guided numerous panels at conferences that covered some of
these collaborative efforts, including work done in such countries the United
States, Greece, Japan, Canada, Brazil, Germany, and Hungary, among others.
Malkova significantly contributed in training new researchers of higher
qualification. In particular, 27 Candidates of Sciences (PhD) and 2 Doctors of
Sciences (the highest qualification) were trained under her direct supervision.
For a number of years, she was leading nationwide programs for training young
scholars, graduates of which have become influential leaders in universities
notable aspect of Professor Malkova's activities includes her continuous
improvement of learning and instruction in pedagogy. She developed a number of
textbooks, curricula, course syllabi and other materials on comparative
education, followed by a series of invited lecturers, keynotes and courses in
leading educational institutions of Russia and in the different universities of
the United States, as well as in other institutes for teachers' in-service
Malkova was awarded for her outstanding contribution, initially at the
battlefront, and later on in the educational field, with a number of insignia
and medals. She was also awarded the Russian Presidential Prize (2000) in the
field of education.
Zoya Malkova passed away on September 1, 2003.
a memorial international conference titled "Major Trends of Education
Development in Contemporary World" was held in the Institute of Theory and
History of Pedagogy of the Russian Academy of Education. The Conference was
dedicated to her 85th Anniversary.
Moscow State University of Foreign Languages (1949)
Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow, Candidate of Sciences (PhD), dissertation (1956)
Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow, Doctor of Sciences (D.Sc.), dissertation titled "Contemporary Schooling in the USA" (1956)
Russian Academy of Education, elected as a Correspondence Member (1974)
Full Professoriate (1976)
Russian Academy of Education, elected as a Full Member (1982)
Russian Presidential Prize in Education (2000) for series of monographs "Roles and Functions of Comparative Education for Development and Increasing Effectiveness of National System of Education" for higher institutions of pedagogy.
Teacher of English language at a secondary school (1949-1956)
Junior Research Fellow at the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1956-1957)
Senior Research Fellow at the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1957-1964)
Head of Division of Contemporary Schooling and Education Abroad of the at the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1964-1974)
Deputy Director, Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1974-1980)
Director, Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1980-1991)
Principle Research Fellow at the Institute of Theory and History of Pedagogy, Moscow (1991-2003)
Affiliations (associations, organizations, institutions)
Royal Teachers' College, The Honoured Doctor (United Kingdom)
European Society for Comparative Education, Member
Phi Delta Kappa - The Professional Fraternity in Education, International Senior Fellow (USA)
American Association for the Advancement of Science, Member (1974)
American Educational Research Association, Member
The Ball State University Alumni Association, Honorary Member (1992)
Academy of Educational Sciences of Georgia (2001)
Honorary Citizen of the State of Nebraska (1973)
Honorary Citizen of the State of Alabama (1992)
Malkova, Z.A. (1964). Schooling in the USA. Moscow: Prosvescheniye. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1969). Schools and Educational Policy in the USA. Moscow: Znaniye. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1971). Contemporary Schools in the USA. Moscow: Pedagogika. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1983). Schooling and Pedagogy Abroad. Moscow: Prosvescheniye. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (2000). Education and Schools in the USA: K-12. Moscow: ITOP. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1967). Pragmatism as a Theoretical Basis of American Pedagogy. In: Fundamentals of Pedagogy. Moscow: Prosvescheniye. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1991). Humanization of Education. In: Education at the Edge of the 21st Century. Moscow: NII TIIP. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1995). Continuing Education as a Strategy for Development of Educational Systems. In: Educational Reforms in Contemporary World. Moscow: URAO. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1991). Vocational and Pre-Professional Training in American Schools. In: Training Workers. Moscow: Association for Vocational Education. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1994). Strategy for Educational Development for the 21st Century in Japan. In: Prognostic Models of Educational Systems Abroad: Moscow: Russian Academy of Education. [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1966). Bruner's Theory of Learning. Soviet Pedagogy (1). [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1990). In Search for a New Pedagogical System: Reforms of Schooling in Developed Countries. Soviet Pedagogy, 1990 (12). [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1995). J. Dewey - the Philosopher and the Educational Reformer. Pedagogika (4). [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (1998). Learning from the US Schooling Experience. Pedagogika (4). [in Russian]
Malkova, Z.A. (2000). The USA: Looking for Solving Strategic Tasks for Schooling. Pedagogika (7). [in Russian]
Contributed By: Irina Polyakova, Russia; Andrey Uroda, The University of Hong Kong