Francisco Ramirez

Ramirez Francisco

Short Biography & Significant Contribution

Francisco Ramirez is a Professor of Education at Stanford University. He has taught courses on World, Societal, and Educational Change: Comparative Perspectives, Education and Society, Education and the Status of Women: Comparative Perspective, Workshop on Comparative Educational and Political Systems, Workshop: Comparative Studies of Educational Systems.

Ramirez conducts cross-national studies on the role of education in the formation of world society and the influence of world society on educational developments. The topics for these studies include: patterns of women's access to higher education, the role of education and science in economic development, and the interrelationships among education, citizenship, and human rights. His current research is on globalization, the impact of the human rights regime, and the rise of human rights education. Ramirez also analyzes civics, history, and social studies textbooks and studies the transformation of the status of women in society and higher education. Other research topics of Ramirez include universities as institutions and organizations, as well as, education, science and development. Ramírez's research interests are generally focused upon Gender Studies, Globalization, Human Rights, International Comparative Education, Sociology of Culture and Sociology of Education.

He has been invited to participate in different lectures around the world including Asia, Latin America, Europe, Africa, and North America. He has lectured about different topics related to education, development, Human Rights, Globalization, Gender Equity, Higher Education, and Institutionalization.

In 1996, Ramirez received the Outstanding International Study of the Year Award from the American Education Research Association (International Studies SIG) for his book World Polity and Gender Parity: Women's Share of Higher Education, 1965-1985 (With K. Bradley).

In 2003, Ramirez received the Barrington Moore Honorable Mention Award from the American Sociological Association on Comparative and Historical Sociology for his book Science and Modern World Polity: Institutionalization and Globalization (with G. Drori, J. Meyer, and E. Schofer).

In 2007-2008, Ramirez received the Faculty Advisor award from the School of Education at Stanford University.


Educational Background

BA, Social Science (Magna Cum Laude), De la Salle University, Philippines (1966)
MA, Sociology, Stanford University, United States (1970)
PhD, Sociology, Stanford University, United States (1974) Thesis title: Societal Corporateness and Status Conferral: A Cross-National Analysis of the Incorporation and Expansion of Educational Systems.

Professional Background

Assistant Professor-Professor of Sociology, San Francisco State University (1973-1987)
Association Professor of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology, Stanford University (1987-1990)
Professor of Education and (by courtesy) Sociology, Stanford University (1990 to present)

Affiliations (associations, organizations, institutions)

American Sociological Association (including Section Memberships in Sociology of Education, Political Sociology, Comparative/Historical Sociology, and Culture) 
American Education Research Association (including Division Memberships in Social Context of Education, History and Historiography, and Special Interest Group Membership in International Studies and Sociology of Education) 
Pacific Sociological Association
International Sociological Association 
European Sociological Association
Comparative and International Education Society
Social Science and History Association 
Sociologists for Women in Society

Selected Publications


Drori, G. S., Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O & Schofer, E. (2003). Science in the modern world polity : Institutionalization and globalization. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.

Ramirez, F. O., & Meyer, J. W. (1980). Comparative education : The social construction of the modern world system. [Stanford, Calif.]: Institute for Research and Educational Finance and Governance, Stanford University.

Thomas, G. M., Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O & Boli, J. (1987). Institutional structure : Constituting state, society, and the individual. Newbury Park, [Calif.]: Sage Publications.


Boli, J., Ramirez, F. O., & Meyer, J. W. (1985). Explaining the origins and expansion of mass education. Comparative Education Review, 29(2), 145-170.

Bromley, P., Meyer, J. W., & Ramirez, F. O. (2011). Student-centeredness in social science textbooks, 1970-2008: A cross-national study. Social Forces, 90(2), 547-570. doi: 10.1093/sf/sor004

Koo, J., & Ramirez, F. O. (2009). National incorporation of global human rights: Worldwide expansion of national human rights institutions, 1966-2004. Social Forces, 87(3), 1321-1353.

Meyer, J. W., Boli, J., Thomas, G. M & Ramirez, F. O. (1997). World society and the nation state, American Journal of Sociology, 103(1), 144-81.

Meyer, J. W., Ramirez, F. O., & Soysal, Y. N. (1992). World expansion of mass education, 1870-1980. Sociology of Education, 65(2), 128-149.

Ramirez, F. O. (2006). Beyond achievement and attainment studies--revitalizing a comparative sociology of education. Comparative Education, 42(3), 431-449.

Ramirez, F. O., Luo, X., Schofer, E., & Meyer, J. W. (2006). Student achievement and national economic growth. American Journal of Education, 113(1), 1-29.

Ramirez, F. O., & McEneaney, E. H. (1997). From women's suffrage to reproduction rights? cross-national considerations'. International Journal of Comparative Sociology, 38(1/2), 6-24.

Ramirez, F. O., & Boli, J. (1987). The political construction of mass schooling: European origins and worldwide institutionalization. Sociology of Education, 60(1), 2-17.

Schofer, E., Ramirez, F. O., & Meyer, J. W. (2000). The effects of science on national economic development, 1970-1990. American Sociological Review, 65: 877-898.

Suarez D.F., Ramirez F.O., & Koo J.-W. (2009). UNESCO and the associated schools project: Symbolic affirmation of world community, international understanding, and human rights. Sociol.Educ.Sociology of Education, 82(3), 197-216.

Weiss, J. A., Ramirez, F. O., & Tracy, T. (1976). Female participation in the occupational system: A comparative institutional analysis. Social Problems, 23(5), 593-608.


Created: 11/20/2012

Updated: 12/4/2012

Contributed By: Cristina Lara Villanueva